CULTURAL HERITAGE: THE GREAT RESERVOIR OF MANKIND’S MEMORIES

 

by Silvana Rivella&Marco Volpato MONACO.For 2018, which is approaching, an important agreement between the representatives of the Council and the European Parliament has set up a European Year of Cultural Heritage. The idea was first raised in 2014, when the Council mentioned it in its conclusions on participatory control of cultural heritage, which includes heritage inherited from the past in various forms and aspects. It includes monuments, sites, traditions, knowledge and expressions of human creativity, as well as collections preserved and managed by museums, libraries and archives. The initiative aims to raise awareness of European history and values and strengthen the sense of European identity. At the same time, it draws attention to the opportunities offered by our cultural heritage, but also to the challenges it faces, including the impact of digital switchover, environmental pressures and physical constraints on heritage and cultural heritage trafficking. The European Year will have a specific budget of EUR 8 million. Representatives of the European Parliament will be able to participate as observers in the meetings of the national coordinators convened by the Commission for the organisation of the European Year. The main objectives of the European Year are to promote cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and social cohesion; stresses the importance of the role of cultural heritage in the EU’s external relations, including conflict prevention, post-conflict reconciliation and the restoration of destroyed cultural heritage.

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Well, to say that the world owe a lot to ancient countries like Greece is nothing new. Everywhere we look, we see echoes of that world in our own: democracy, philosophy, art, architecture, science, sport, to name but a few. Therefore, it looks right that CULT HERITAGE 02-Logo_IHC the only NGO that works on the capacity building of heritage organizations of any kind, be born in Greece, in its the capital Athens. The Heritage Management Organization (HERITAGE) was established in November 2008 with start-up funding from Lloyd.E. Cotsen, founder of the Cotsen Institute of Archeology, in Los Angeles, California – USA, who sadly passed away on May 8th 2017. The Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA is a premier research organization dedicated to the creation, dissemination, and conservation of archaeological knowledge and heritage.

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As for HERITAGE, the Organisation is celebrating its tenth anniversary on the approaching year 2018 with an expansion of its projects and the scholarships it offers for heritage managers from around the world. HERITAGE’s headquarters are in Elefsina, the Athenian suburb that stands out for its special cultural identity. Inhabited for more than 4000 years, Elefsina was one of the most important religious centres that established the rituals of Eleusinian Mysteries around the 6th century B.C.. Today, the Eleusinian Mysteries can be seen and studied in the fresques in the “Villa dei Misteri” ( the Mysteries’ Villa) in Pompeii, Italy. In the recent years Elefsina maintained its importance and flourished as an exemplar and pioneer industrial centre that gathered workers from the wider Greek area, as well as the refugees from the Minor Asia. This cultural amalgam forms nowadays a unique landscape of oppositions and unifications. HERITAGE is privately funded and independent of any governmental authority and its mission consists in recognizing the value of human heritage as a driving force behind civilization’s finest aspirations and collective conscience. Heritage was founded with the goal of enabling key heritage managers, through targeted training, to independently transform heritage assets from decaying objects of study to dynamic sources of learning, community identity and economic development. The Heritage Management Organization trains professionals in the management of heritage sites, independently of project specifics. Training practitioners in the essential skills and best practices which define heritage management is at the heart of the HERITAGE mission. Since its founding HERITAGE has trained hundreds of individuals and organizations in more than 50 countries and is now on course to impact a quarter of global heritage hotspots by the year 2025. HERITAGE runs an Executive Education series for practitioners with a minimum of five years experience, summer field schools for senior students and junior practitioners and an MA Heritage management training both current and future heritage managers.

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Collaboration is a basic tenet of HERITAGE. Besides weaving an invaluable global network among participants, collaborative programs generate great dynamics, potential and opportunities. Thanks to supporters and members, the Organization has become a catalyst for change, bringing partners from around the world together and creating research or education programs that are essential for their heritage projects worldwide. The main pillars are transparency, collaboration and sustainability. In order to ascertain the quality of academic decisions regarding the MA in Heritage Management, HERITAGE established an international academic committee of the highest quality. Under the direction of Dr. Evangelos Kyriakidis and beyond the Architectural Conservation Laboratory, situated at the Athens University of Applied Sciences, the Scientific Committee comprehends scientists such as Evangelos Kyriakidis, Director HMO, Senior Lecturer for Aegean Prehistory, University of Kent, Mike Corbishley, Honorary Senior Lecturer in Heritage Education University College London Institute of Archaeology, UK. Senior Lecturer MA Heritage Management, University of Kent-Athens University of Economics and Business, Elefsina, Greece;

Evangelos Kyriakidis,with his students at MA Heritage
Evangelos Kyriakidis,with his students at MA Heritage
Mike Corbishley (white hair left of interpretation panel) with MA students in Eleusis, Greece
Mike Corbishley (white hair left of interpretation panel) with MA students in Eleusis, Greece

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vassilis Ganiatsas, Professor of Theory, Philosophy and Practice of Architectural/Urban/Landscape Design, National Technical University of Athens, Aris Anagnostopoulos, Honorary Lecturer University of Kent, Director HMO Public.Ioannis Liritzis, Professor of Archaeometry/ Natural Sciences, University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece. Visiting Scholar University of California San Diego, USA, Irini A. Stamatoudi, Attorney at Law, Director of the Intellectual Property Organisation of Greece, Ministry of Culture and Sports/ Director of the Hellenic Copyright Organisation. HMO Law Lecturer.

Irini Stamatoudi speech at the 4th HERMA CONFERENCE was about a controversial topic "The Greek Law on the Return of Cultural Goods"
Irini Stamatoudi speech at the 4th HERMA CONFERENCE was about a controversial topic “The Greek Law on the Return of Cultural Goods”

And Lena Stefanou, Lecturer, MA in Heritage Management (KENT-AUEB), Director HMO-Public Engagement Summer Program.

Recently (22-24/09/2017) the 4th HERMACONFERENCE (HMO) took place at Paleo Eleourgio in Elefsina, Greece.

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Italy was the Honoured Country under the general Umbrella Theme for this year: “Monuments in Ruins—Ruins as Monuments”. International professionals and academics, have delivered keynote speeches in each thematic session.

The Italian participation was due to some  distinguished presences in their respective fields, such as:

Stefano De Caro, Director-General at ICCROM, Rome, since November 2011. ICCROM is an intergovernmental organization created after World War II to promote best practices in conservation and management of cultural heritage. As the first Italian national to assume leadership of the organization, De Caro has contributed to expanding the dialogue on heritage conservation and protection. De Caro was instrumental in establishing ICCROM’s first regional office, the newly inaugurated ICCROM-ATHAR Centre located in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. De Caro has also encouraged ICCROM’s actions for post-emergency stabilization and training, most particularly after earthquakes, but also through distance training modules for heritage professionals in Syria and Libya. De Caro has further used his position to advance discussion on restitution and reconstruction issues for archaeological heritage, and on the complex social issues related to conflict and migration, heritage and identity. Previously, De Caro’s distinguished 35-year career at the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage Activities and Tourism (MiBACT) culminated in his assignment as Italy’s Director-General of Antiquities (2007-2011). In this position he developed and coordinated national guidelines for rescue archaeology and cultural resource management, and furthered negotiations for the return of Italian archaeological objects illegally exported abroad. A professor for over 25 years at universities in the Campania region, De Caro is a lecturer and journalist, having published more than 300 texts on archaeological heritage, conservation and interpretation. De Caro obtained his first degree in humanities from the Federico II University of Naples, and continued his studies in archaeology at La Sapienza University of Rome and the Italian School of Archaeology in Athens, Greece. Decorated with the French Legion of Honour, De Caro is member of the Naples Academy of Archaeology, Literature and Fine Arts, of the British Academy and of the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut. He has also received the Outstanding Public Service Award of the Archaeological Institute of America.

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Maurizio Forte, Visiting Scholar at Stanford University PhD, William and Sue Gross Professor of Classical Studies Art, Art History, and Visual Studies, at Duke University, Department of Classical Studies.  He is also the founder of the DIGLAB  for a digital knowledge of the past at Duke. His main research topics are: digital archaeology, Etruscan and Pre-Roman archaeology, classical archaeology and neuro-archaeology. His primary archaeological research questions concern the development, transformation and decline of ancient cities. Archaeological fieldwork and excavations: Vulci (Italy), Catalhoyuk (Turkey), Agringento – Valley of the Temples (Italy), Burgaz Project (Turkey). Virtual Museums: The Trajan’s Puzzle (Rome, IT); Regium Lepidi (Reggio Emilia, IT), Vulci 3000 (Italy) He is editor and author of several books including “Virtual Archaeology” (1996), Virtual Reality in Archaeology (2000), “From Space to Place” and “La Villa di Livia (2006), “Un percorso di ricerca di archeologia virtual” (2008), “Cyberarchaeology” (2012), “Regium lepidi 220: Archeologia e nuove tecnologie per la ricostruzione di Reggio Emilia in eta’ Romana (2017), “Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology“ (co-editor S. Campana, 2017); and he has written more than 200 scientific papers. He got several international awards such as the Best paper award at VSMM 2002, 2010; E-content Award 2005, 2008; Tartessos Prize on Virtual Archaeology (2010). He is also the field school director of the Vulci 3000 field school in Italy.

Regium Lepidi: professor Maurizio Forte of Duke University showing the results of the explorations in the Emilia Region-Italy
Regium Lepidi: professor Maurizio Forte of Duke University showing the results of the explorations in the Emilia Region-Italy

Romolo Martemucci, Professor in the Architecture department at Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA, and at Pantheon Institute, Rome. Romolo Martemucci was Professor of Architecture at the Penn State University and Director of Penn State Sede di Roma from 1990-2009 in addition to serving as interim department head of Architecture at Penn State University from 1995-1997. Prior to becoming the co-founder and Director of the Pantheon Institute, he was also the creator of the La Magia Institute in Rome which offered special courses in architecture and landscape architecture, and co-founder and Director of the Accademia Adrianea, which currently offers a unique Italian-accredited Masters certificate in Museography, Architecture and Archaeology. Teaching since 1977, his academic and research interests include architectural theory, representation and meaning in architecture, urban design, materials and materiality, the human body as paradigm, Renaissance planning and town design, the work of Biagio Rossetti and the city of Ferrara, Italy.

Rome, Pantheon Square: Professor Romolo Martemucci with students
Rome, Pantheon Square: Professor Romolo Martemucci with students

Alessandra Ricci teaches Late Antique and Byzantine archaeology at Koc University`s Department of Archaeology and History of Art (Istanbul); currently serves as the ‘renowned’ director of the Italian Cultural Institute in Istanbul. A Byzantine-period archaeologist, she obtained her PhD at the University of Princeton and moved to Istanbul in 2008. In Istanbul, she works with the Istanbul Archaeological Museums at the The Küçükyalı ArkeoPark Project. This is a Byzantine-period urban archaeology project, focusing on archaeological inquiry and public engagement.

 

Dr. Alessandra Ricci of Koç University’s Department of Archaeology & History of Art - Istanbul
Dr. Alessandra Ricci of Koç University’s Department of Archaeology & History of Art – Istanbul
Archeological excavations at the The Küçükyalı ArkeoPark Project directed by dr.Alessandra Ricci
Archeological excavations at the The Küçükyalı ArkeoPark Project directed by dr.Alessandra Ricci

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tullio Scovazzi, professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. As a legal expert, he occasionally attends negotiations and meetings on cultural heritage (tangible heritage, intangible heritage, underwater heritage, restitution of removed cultural properties), environmental law, International Law of the Sea, the Environmental Law and the Regime of Antartctica, a region that the Albert II of Monaco Foundation is particularly committed to. Scovazzi’s previously held positions include: Professor of Public International Law, Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Genoa (1991-1994); Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Parma (1980-1991); Charged with the course of International Economic Law, Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Turin (1978-1980). He has also been a visiting professor at the Universities of Brest (1987), Paris II (1993), Paris I (1995), Nantes (1999), Limoges (2000). He represented the Government of Italy in a number of international negotiations, including negotiations conducted within the framework of the Mediterranean Action Plan, the Commission “Ramoge,” the International Seabed Authority, the International Whaling Commission, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Draft Convention on the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage (1998-2000), and the United Nations Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea, (2000). He has consulted for FAO and UNEP and is a member of many scientific societies both in Europe and in the USA, such as the American Society of International Law, the “Société Française de Droit International”, L’ Academia Internacional de Derecho Pesquero, the “Academia Paulista de Direito”, and the “Asociación Argentina de Derecho Internacional”.

Professor Tullio Scovazzi is also legal expert of International Law of the Sea, the Environmental Law and the Regime of Antartctica
Professor Tullio Scovazzi is also legal expert of International Law of the Sea, the Environmental Law and the Regime of Antartctica

Keynote speakers at the Herma Conference 2017 were also Cornelia HadziaslaniArchitect- Archaeologist, Head of Education Acropolis Restoration Service until 2011. University studies: 1974: Diploma school of Architecture, University of Thessaloniki. 1981: Diploma of History and Αrchaeology, University of Athens – Working experience: 1985-1995: Worked at Campion School in charge of Education through Museums on Open Day Programmes for children and adults organized in collaboration with nine Athenian Museums Approx. 10.000 persons participated in these programmes. 1987-2011: Hired by the Hellenic Ministry of Culture-Committee for the Preservation of the Acropolis Monuments, to organize the Acropolis Education Department. 2000: Head of the Department of Information and Education of the Acropolis Restoration Service. Organised several Education Programmes (open day, tactical and special programmes) Conducted seminars for some 20,000 people working the education profession; organised exhibitions of children’s artwork; organised eight Symposia for Educators under the general title Educators and Programmes about the Acropolis and published their proceedings. Produced many educational resources (books, pathfinders, museum kits) covering more than 25 different subjects; among them the books Parthenon PromenadesAn Ancient Greek Temple, The Twelve Olympian GodsThe Parthenon FriezeAcropolis and Education. Participated in many Greek and international Symposia, as well as in publications in several archaeological and pedagogical periodicals; and Toshiyuki Kono Dist. Professor at Faculty of Law, Kyushu University, Director of International Programme, Japan, Vice President ICOMOS. Toshiyuki KONO is Distinguished Professor, Kyushu University (Fukuoka, Japan). He currently serves as Vice President of the International Council of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), an advisory body of UNESCO, since 2014. He is in charge of, among others, World Heritage issues. He has been active in UNESCO as an independent expert as well. For example, he served as Chairperson of the 3rd General Assembly of the State Parties of the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2010 and Chairperson of the Legal Committee of the 34th UNESCO General Conference in 2007. He is Vice President and Titular Member of the International Academy of Comparative Law; Chairman of the Committee for Intellectual Property and Private International Law at the International Law Association.

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